Can Overweight People Be Malnourished?
The very word ‘malnourished’ brings ghastly images of lean and extremely skinny adults and children who haven’t eaten in days. Can you believe that an overweight person can be malnourished too? It seems pretty contradictory, doesn’t it? An overweight individual is usually looked upon as someone as getting too much of food! But it is a fact that an overweight individual can be easily malnourished. It is the diet that matters.
To understand this fact, you need know the types of nutrients and how to consume them. You will find out how the lack of nutrients can lead to malnourishment in overweight people.
As you must be aware that carbohydrates, proteins and fats are the macronutrients that provide the main calories in your diet. They provide the body with the energy to function well and grow. However, if you happen to consume a lot of macronutrients without consuming micronutrients or phytonutrients, it is quite possible that you become obese. The nutrient deficiency occurs when only macronutrients are consumed without foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals.
Micronutrients are the vitamins and minerals present in veggies, whole grains and fruits. Unlike macronutrients, you require them only in trace amounts and that is why they have the prefix of ‘micro’. Even without these nutrients your body can grow and move but its functionality will get tremendously affected. It can lead to severe sickness and even death.
Vitamins and minerals should be number one on your mind when creating a healthy diet. They play a huge role in weight loss too. There are other nutrients similar to micronutrients that are called phytonutrients. Read about them in detail below.
Phytonutrients just like micronutrients need to be consumed in trace amounts. They are present in brightly coloured fruits and vegetables. The phytonutrients are the ones that provide the foods the bright colours. Phytonutrients are not a necessity because you won’t die if you don’t consume them.
However, these nutrients are important in a way as they have a huge impact on whether your body keeps the fat packed on or loses it. Let us have a look at the trace minerals and the way they affect weight loss.
Trace nutrients help in maintaining muscle mass, strength and function. Higher the amount of muscle mass, higher will be your body’s metabolism even at rest.
Experts believe that obesity is a chronic level of inflammation in the body. The problem is that when you have inflammation it gets harder to build muscle and lose fat. It is like a cycle. When there is more fat there is an increase in inflammation making it harder to lose weight. Phytonutrients are anti-inflammatory in nature and enable you to lose weight.
Your body will demand these micronutrients
It is obvious that your body requires a certain amount of minerals, vitamins, and phytonutrients. Experts say that eating loads of calorie dense food low in micronutrients will make your body to ask you to keep eating till you get what you require. Which means that , if you don’t eat nutritious food, your body will have a tougher time in sensing when it has got what it wants.
The bottom line
It is quite possible to be overweight and be malnourished at the same time. It depends on the ratio of macronutrients to micro and phytonutrients consumed by you. If you plainly focus on the calories you consume, there are chances that you are not getting sufficient vitamins and minerals. Insufficient amounts of nutrients can result in malnourishment regardless of how you look like.
Make sure you get the right amount of macronutrients, micronutrients and phytonutrients!
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