Top Causes Of Cancer In India
‘Cancer’ – the word itself is enough to scare the wits out of you! It is one among the leading cause of death in India currently. Estimates say that every year over a million new cases of cancer are reported in India. What is even more disturbing is that experts feel that cancer cases are on the rise and can cross 5 million new cases a year by 2025.
The treatment of cancer is very expensive and the mortality rates are high. Thus prevention and early detection of the disease are essential to fight it. It is important to be well informed about the possible causes of cancer that you can control. It is essential to minimize exposure to those risk factors.
Cancer in India – Common Causes
While several forms of cancer are not preventable due to genetic reasons or hormonal conditions, the vast majority of cancer cases in India can be prevented. They are linked with lifestyle, dietary and environmental conditions.
Top 5 causes of cancer in India
Poor air quality is a leading environmental risk factor for cancer in India. It kills more than a million people every year. Air pollution is most often the cause of lung cancer instead of smoking, especially in young females.
It may appear that you cannot do much to avoid air pollution. However, you can reduce airborne particles indoors by making sure that there is better ventilation, avoiding burning mosquito coils and incense sticks. You can also ensure that your kitchen is well ventilated so that you don’t inhale the fumes of cooking oil.
People don’t think of infections as a potential cancer cause. But infections with viruses like the HPV or human papilloma virus can lead to cervical cancer in women whereas Hepatitis B infection is linked with liver cancer.
There are immunization drives in India to prevent infection from both types of viruses. If you have not taken the immunization shots yet, you should consult your doctor.
Tobacco both smoking and chewing is the biggest cause of cancer. It is responsible for about 30% of all the cancer cases in India. Smoking and chewing tobacco is directly responsible for lung, oral, throat and esophageal cancers.
Just by quitting smoking and chewing tobacco you can make these cancers preventable. Second hand cigarette smoke also increases the risk of cancer. Hence, you should steer clear of smoking areas and not let anyone smoke in the house.
4% of global cancer cases have alcohol behind them. Alcohol is classified as a Group 1 carcinogen (cancer causing substance) that can cause cancers of the breast, liver, esophagus, mouth and many more.
This risk can be avoided easily as studies hint that alcohol poses a cancer risk when it is consumed in excess. It is recommended that men should restrict alcohol intake to only 2 glasses a day and women to single glass.
You must be under the impression that chewing paan is risky only when tobacco is used. However, this is not true. You are at risk even if you chew a paan containing areca nut and betel quid. Chewing paan with any of the mentioned ingredients increases cancer risk. You can suffer from the cancer of the mouth, pharynx and oesophagus. So, quit chewing paan right now!
Other cancer causing factors
- Excessive red meat
- Processed foods
- Fried foods
- Lack of physical activity
- Exposure to radiation
- Lack of rest
To protect yourself, you need to eliminate the chief causes of cancer and modify your lifestyle.
Hope you found this post useful!
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