Dengue Fever In India-How To Protect Yourself?
With the change in seasons, diseases start popping up! The monsoon is here and it is time to protect yourself from Dengue fever!! This is the time when most of the cases are heard in the country. It will be good to aware of the disease, the causes, symptoms and precautions you need to take.
Dengue is a disease of the tropical countries. Mosquitoes are the sole culprits behind this disease. Dengue fever gets transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito which is already carrying the dengue virus. The disease cannot spread directly from one person to another directly, a person gets infected only when a dengue virus carrying mosquito bites.
The symptoms of dengue fever
The symptoms appear 4 to 6 days after infection and last for about 10 days. The symptoms are:
- Sudden high fever
- Severe headache
- Joint and muscle pain
- Pain behind eyes
- Skin rash that surfaces 3 to 4 days after the beginning of fever.
- Mild bleeding
At times the symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for flu or viral infection. However, this fever can get serious. A rare complication is dengue hemorrhagic fever which is characterized by high fever, lymphatic and blood vessel damage, bleeding from the gums and nose, liver enlargement and circulatory system failure. There can also be massive bleeding, shock and death! It is called dengue shock syndrome.
Diagnosing dengue fever
Doctors diagnose the infection by a blood test that checks for the virus. It is best to rush to the doctor when the symptoms appear in order to avoid further complications.
The doctor will prescribe medicines to treat the patient. The patient needs to rest and have plenty of fluids along with medicines. If there are complications it is better to rush to the hospital.
Preventing dengue fever
As the old adage goes “Prevention is better than cure”, you need to protect yourself from dengue fever. There is no readily available vaccination for dengue as of now. So, this means that you need to protect yourself from mosquito bites and at the same time keep the population of mosquitoes down. Aedes mosquitoes are known to bite during the day time. So, you need to be especially careful during the day time.
- Use mosquito repellants even when you are indoors.
- When you go outside wear clothes that cover you well.
- Use mosquito nets for windows so that mosquitoes don’t creep in when you open the window.
- If you feel that you have dengue like symptoms, visit the doctor immediately.
You need to take steps to reduce the population of mosquitoes too. You need to get rid of the places where they breed. Old tyres, flower pots and cans that hold stagnant rain water are perfect mosquito breeding grounds. Don’t let water stagnate around your house in any manner or form.
If a family member happens to get dengue fever take steps to protect yourself and your near and dear ones from mosquitoes. This is because if the mosquito bites the infected person, it can spread the infection to the other members of the family too.
Take care this season and safe-guard yourself from dengue fever.
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