How To Control Gout Through Diet
The human body is extremely complex and much more complex is the abnormality associated with it. We all know that the food we eat is broken down inside the body and either used or excreted. Like carbohydrates are broken down to simpler sugars and fats are broken to simpler fatty acids and stored in the body, similarly proteins are broken down to amino acids. One such type of amino acids is known as purine in the body and make up our genetic material. When purines are broken down they form uric acid which if formed in excess starts to deposit in joints of the legs and fingers which is a painful condition known as ‘GOUT’.
What is Gout?
Gout is not a condition which develops in one day or one week, it is a prolonged process like any other disease and is extremely painful resulting in difficulty in walking or moving the fingers. The uric acid deposits as crystals and makes the normal movement difficult.
The cause of gout
The reason or cause of gout is mainly uric acid purine breakdown which could either be due to increased cell breakdown as seen in alcohol consumption, surgery or physical trauma, psoriasis, or high protein consumption, obesity (however do not try losing weight quickly as that will also lead to excessive cell breakdown), high fructose drinks, etc.
Gout can be detected with a simple blood test for uric acid levels.
How To Control Gout Through Diet?
Gout which is a condition leading to attacks of pain especially post physical activity or during night can be effectively controlled by diet.
Following are a few tips to control gout:
- Avoid non-vegetarian foods and consumption of thick dals as they contain high amounts of purines. Consume thin watery dals.
- Avoid alcohol. Alcohol not only prevents excretion of uric acid from the body but also increases the risk of deposition on joints.
- High fructose drinks increase the uric acid in the blood increasing the risk of gout. Thus, avoid sweetened drinks, packed juices.
- Reduce consumption of fats and include complex carbohydrate in the diet so as to treat obesity.
- Consume lot of water so as to throw out uric acid through urine.
Here is a sample diet for bringing in control the uric acid levels:
waking up: glass of water and few almonds
Breakfast: upma / poha /plain parathas / dalia with veggies+ fruits+ 1 cup milk
Lunch: rotis+ veggies+ curd+ rice+ salad
Evening snack: veg sandwich/khakras/green tea/plain dosa
Dinner: rotis + rice+ salad + veggies
Here is a list of vegetables that can be included in the diet:
Bottle gourd, brinjal, cucumber,
tomato, lady finger , cauliflower ,
pumpkin, potato, peas, broccoli,
mushroom, carrots, onions, capsicum,
French bean, bitter gourd.
Do not include green leafy vegetables and pulses in the diet.
To increase the protein content in the diet which is low in purine, consume tofu, curd and soya milk and soya beans.
Due to the consumption of heavy foods that are associated with gout, earlier was known as rich man’s disease. But now this has changed and gout has become extremely common among all classes and age groups. It can be effectively treated with a good diet and healthy lifestyle, just follow these simple tips. Take care!Due to the that are associated with gout, earlier was known as rich man’s disease. But now this has changed and gout has become extremely common among all classes and age groups. It can be effectively treated with a good diet and, just following these simple tips. Take care!