All About Ebola Virus-Spread,Symptoms,Precautions,Treatment
The spread of Ebola virus is doing rounds in the headlines and is a matter of great concern. It is one amongst the terrifying epidemics that have happened. Its outbreak in West Africa has sent waves of fear everywhere. What about India?
There is no need to panic as of yet. Though there are rumours in the social media, it has not hit Indian shores. Central and West Africa are the areas where several cases of Ebola have shown up. The disease can spread if someone from Central and West Africa (who is infected with the disease) visits another nation.
According to the health minister of India, the virus can reach India only if the Indians working in the affected areas return to India. The authorities here are on alert. The government also says that even though there is no vaccine or medicine for this virus, the outbreak can be controlled by early detection, isolation of the patient and monitoring.
All About Ebola Virus
Let us know more about Ebola virus and how deadly the disease is.
What is this Ebola virus?
Ebola is a rare virus but deadly in nature. It causes bleeding inside as well as outside the human body. As this virus spreads throughout the body, it badly affects the immune system and the body’s organs. There is an uncontrollable bleeding as there is a drop in the count of blood clotting cells.
The disease caused due the virus is called Ebola hemorrhagic fever. It is so deadly that it kills 90% of the people who contract the disease.
How does one contract this disease?
Ebola virus spreads to humans when there is a skin contact or contact of body fluids of an infected animal such as a fruit bat, monkey or a chimp. It spreads from one person to another in the same manner. People who are attending to the sick or are in contact with someone infected with the virus will contract the disease.
It can spread through infected needles or surfaces that are contaminated. It cannot be contracted from water, air or food. A person who is having the virus in his body but showing no symptoms can’t spread the disease.
Symptoms of Ebola hemorrhagic fever
Initially Ebola can feel like a flu or any other illness. It takes 2 to 21 days for the symptoms to show up after infection. The symptoms of this disease are as follows:
As things worsen there is internal bleeding along with bleeding from the eyes, nose and ears. Certain people will get rashes, vomit blood or cough up blood, have bloody loose motions.
Diagnosis of Ebola
Symptoms alone are difficult to tell whether a person has the deadly disease or not. Doctors need to carry out tests to rule out the chances of malaria and cholera. To diagnose Ebola tests of the blood and tissues are done.
A person suffering from Ebola will be isolated from the public to prevent it from spreading.
Treatment of Ebola hemorrhagic fever
According to the WHO, there is no licensed vaccine for the treatment of Ebola hemorrhagic fever. Vaccines are being tested but nothing positive has come out so far.
Patients who are severely ill need intensive care. They get frequently dehydrated and need ORS. There is no specific treatment for this disease. Attempts are being made to bring out new drug therapies.
Be aware and be safe!
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