When Arthritis affects hands…

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Arthritis in hands

When Arthritis affects hands…

Cartilage protects many bones, especially those of the wrists and hands,which can wear down over time. As a result, a person experiences a condition known as Osteoarthritis. Women are at a greater risk than men, as far as Arthritis is concerned.

Arthritis affects hands

Arthritis are of two types:-

It happens due to degenerative changes in cartilage.

 It occurs when the immune system of an individual attacks healthy tissue that protects the joints.

Symptoms of Arthritis in hands

Arthritis in hand, symptoms

The common general symptoms of arthritis in hands can be…

  • Pain with movement or constant 

  • Joint swelling

  • Joint stiffness

  • Joint deformity

  • Weakness and loss of muscle mass

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis in hands

  • Bony lumps at the joint of middle finger 

  • Bony lumps at the finger joint next to the fingernails

  • Pain occurs under the base of the thumb

  • Stiffness of joints

  • Difficulty in pinching and gripping anything

Symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis in hands

  • Pain in the wrist and finger knuckles

  • Deformities of the wrist and fingers

  • Tendon ruptures, affecting the possibility of the fingers to straighten

  • Unexplained fatigue

Remedies for Arthritis in hands:-

Hands exercises

 arthritis in hands

Exercises helps in maintaining the flexibility of tendons and ligaments. Here are a few simple exercises. 

  • Make a loose fist and open the fingers to fully straighten them. Repeat.

  • Bend a finger slowly and carefully, then slowly straighten it out again. Repeat slowly and carefully.

  • Place the hand on a flat surface with fingers extended and slowly lift each finger off the surface. 

Hot and cold therapy

Hot and cold therapy packs

Cold Therapy :- Wrap ice cubes in a cloth and apply on the swollen joints for 10 minutes to reduce swelling. 

Heat Therapy :- Heat therapy can help to ease stiff joints. Placing the hands in a tub of warm water can help to some extent.

Nowadays reusable Hot and Cold Therapy packs are easily available in the market which can be used anytime.

If done under the supervision of physician, Paraffin wax treatments also soothe the painful joints when you have arthritis in hand. 

Capsaicin Cream

Capsaicin uses a compound from cayenne pepper which can be made into capsaicin cream by adding 2 to 3 sprinkles of cayenne pepper to 2 teaspoons of olive oil. This can be applied on the arthritis affected hands. Please avoid using this cream on broken skin and one must be careful about touching eyes and mouth after its application. A person may experience a tingling sensation after applying the cream or oil.

 Medical Treatment

These are the must if all other remedies have failed. These might include: 

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium

  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for the treatment of RA

  • Oral steroids or steroid shots to reduce inflammation

  • Cortisone injections.

In rare cases, a doctor may recommend surgery for treatment. 

Prevention of Arthritis in hand:-

While it is not possible to prevent arthritis, a person can monitor joints for signs of this disease as and whenever felt. Staying active, reducing sugar intake, and avoiding smoking can also reduce the risk of arthritis. 

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