What Should You Know About Bone Marrow Transplant?
Something as severe as an unhealthy bone marrow does not occur over night, neither does it go as easily as common flu. Dedicated months of continuous ignorance result into an unhealthy bone marrow which then requires immediate medical attention. Here’s an overview on everything you need to know about bone marrow and how to go about it.
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is a soft, fatty tissue in the bones that produces blood forming cells.
What is the need for a bone marrow transplant?
An unhealthy bone marrow is not functional as it cannot form blood and thus, needs to be transplanted. Bone marrow can be transplanted in multiple ways, namely-
- Autologous bone marrow transplant– In this case, doctors induce a patient’s own blood cells either by bone marrow harvesting or by stem cell mobilization in order to gather healthy cells in the body.
- Allogenic transplant- An external donor is needed to fix the problem of the transplant. The donor can be any member from the family or an outsider with matching stem cells.
- Umbilical chord transplant- Frozen stem cells are collected from a new born baby’s umbilical chord and used for the transplant. The greatest advantage of this method is that there is no need to find a match as the chord cells are immature.
Reasons for an unhealthy bone marrow
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy sessions in the long run do more harm than good. It kills the good cells along with the bad cancer cells, thereby weakening the internal body. Long term effects remain on the blood cells and bone marrow.
- Thalassemia: Thalassemia is caused by abnormal formation of haemoglobin in the human body, resulting in severe anaemia. The amount of oxygen in the body is much lesser and this makes formation of the blood, difficult.
- Cancer: Leukaemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma are among other forms of cancer which affect the health of bone marrow, thereby calling for a replacement.
- Neutropenia: It is a condition where the patient is prone to recurring infections. The blood cells get inflated and damage the marrow.
Is transplant risky?
In the rarest cases, the body reacts abnormally to certain transplants. Sometimes, it considers transplanted cells as foreign elements in the body and starts attacking them. This leads to the development of diseases and complications in the body.
Possibilities of danger are: stem cell failure, organ damage, infection or the formation of a new type of cancer.
However, this can be avoided when diagnosed and treated by the reputed doctors in the best cancer hospitals in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad, to name a few in India.
Hope you found this post on bone marrow transplant useful!
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