Bunion Pain-Why And How?
Bunions are a common foot problem that women experience and can be very painful. A bunion occurrence makes physical activity stressful as all the weight of your body is on your feet, and excessive tension on a not fully healthy body part can lead to other problems.
What are Bunions?
A bunion is a tissue or bone deformity that typically appears on the side of or the bottom of the joint that attaches the big toe to your foot. It looks like a bump or enlargement and will stick out of your foot. Many times, the skin covering the bullion becomes hard, and rough.
What causes Bunions?
While we all typically think that improper shoe wearing habits cause bunions, this is not always the case. A family history of bunions may mean that you have a greater chance of developing bunions. The type of foot you have may also play a role. People with flat feet are prone to developing bunions.
Often bones shift their position and are not aligned with the foot, causing a bunion. Excessive mobility of metatarsocuneiform joint may cause you to have a bunion. You may also get a bunion if your Achilles tendon is shortened or if your posterior tibialis tendon is ruptured. Many times, amputation of the second toe can also cause bunions.
Symptoms of Bunions
Bunions are of three types-
Most commonly occurring bunions are mild and do not pain. Many times they are left unnoticed, and do no harm. However, the scale of pain is not a good measure for the severity of the bunion. If you are suffering from a bunion, it is advisable to get it diagnosed, even if it does not pain.
Symptoms of bunion include
- Pain and swelling in the inside of your big toe joint. You may also notice redness in the joint.
- Many people experience a numbness in their big toe; while many others report an unbearable burning sensation.
- Tingling is also a common symptom.
- If you have a bunion, you may notice that moving your big toe is difficult. This results in difficulty in walking.
- You may also develop sacs filled with fluid in your big toe joint. These are called Bursa and can be extremely painful.
- Having a bunion may cause you increasing difficulty when involved in any kind of physical activity. It may be quite painful or just an ugly nuisance.
- You may also notice corns between your first and second toe. Additionally, some people report callous formations at the bottom and side of their big toe joint.
Prevention and care
If you have a family history of bunions, you can prevent them by not wearing high heels. However there is no medically preventive cure for bunions because various factors contribute to the occurrence.
Treatment for bunions can be both surgical and non-surgical. Non-surgical bunions can decrease the symptoms but very often the bunions cannot be removed.
Orthopedics will firstly recommend shoes that are wider and have extra depth.
Applying ice on the affected area will temporarily reduce inflammation and can give you relief from pain. If bunions are a common occurrence, you can invest in arch supports.
Soaking your feet in hot or cold water will often help. Stretching your toe will also help you relax the joint. Bunions can be reduced when you apply pain relief ointments or gels and can be bought the counter. Alternatively, your doctor may prescribe a specific ointment.
Your doctor may also ask you to visit a physiotherapist on a regular basis, till the frequency of bunion appearance is less.
Many times, surgical procedures are needed to remove bunions. This is needed when bunions get in the way of your activities, and the pain is excoriating. The surgery for bunion removal is usually a simple one and may not take much time. Surgical procedure may involve tissue repair, realignment of bones, or cutting. The procedure will depend on the severity of the bunion and can be determined by diagnostics tests like x-rays.
Bunions may reoccur even after surgery. That’s why bunion removal should only be done if medically necessary. Even though bunions can be seen externally, treatment depends on the severity of the bunion and the accompanying symptoms. Many times bunions are an indication of other problems. Pain, or no pain if you have a bunion, it may be time to visit the doctor.
Have you understood all about Bunions now?
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