Diet For Thyroid Patients


Diet For Thyroid Patients

The thyroid is no more uncommon health issue, especially amongst females. You could in a way say that more females suffer from thyroid as compared to males. Every other girl/woman will have either Thyroid or PCOS responsible for weight gain. This is an observation coming from the people I meet every day. Until I knew I am also one of the Thyroid sufferers (irony of life !).

The thyroid is a gland shaped like a butterfly in the front of the neck. By the way, sometimes I feel it looks more like an insect :P.

Diet For Thyroid Patients

So what’s the big deal about Thyroid, if you may ask!  It may be the smallest but one of the most important glands in your body. It controls sleep, metabolism, usage of energy in your body and your WEIGHT.

The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that are responsible for all its important functions. The Hypothalamus of the brain signals the pituitary gland to produce Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) which in return signals the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).

If you go for a thyroid test for the first time, make sure that you examine TSH, T3 and T4 levels. Later, your doctor may advise you to undergo only TSH for future progress depending upon your medical issues.

Under-productivity of the above hormones leads to’ Hypothyroidism ‘and over productivity results in ‘Hyperthyroidism‘.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

  • Fatigue
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Mental fogginess and forgetfulness
  • Feeling excessively cold
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Fluid retention
  • Non-specific aches and stiffness in muscles and joints
  • Excessive or Scanty menstrual bleeding
  • Infertility/ Miscarriages

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

  • Excessive sweating
  • Heat intolerance
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Tremor (usually a fine shake)
  • Nervousness; agitation
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Fatigue
  • Decreased concentration

Diet For Thyroid Patients

Hypothyroidism patients should avoid the intake of iodine supplements and depend on the iodine from food. Iodine is present in dairy products, multivitamins, shellfish, processed food etc.

  1. Calcium intake must be increased.

  2. STOP alcohol and smoking.

  3. Thyroid patients must avoid Goitrogens. 

These are naturally occurring substances in food that can interfere with the functioning of the thyroid gland. Some of the Goitrogens are –

  • Soybean/ Soy-based foods
  • Vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, mustard etc.
  • Fruits like peaches, strawberries and peach
  • Peanuts, radish, tofu, spinach and millet

Stress and Thyroid

I see a direct impact of stress on the functioning of the Thyroid gland from my personal experience. I did not have a thyroid 1 year back when I got all the tests done. 6 months back, I underwent stress due to some personal issues. In fact, still going through it! And I can tell you that my Thyroid is because of my continuous high stress!


Regular exercise is extremely important. Early diagnosis can prevent weight gain/loss. After guesswork of 6 months and 10 kgs weight gain, I woke up to realise that perhaps it’s time to redo all the medical tests!


I am taking Thyronorm 25 as per my Doctor’s recommendation. The dosage is directly proportional to your TSH level. Mine is not too high, so Thyronorm 25 is sufficient. I have a few friends who have been taking Thyronorm for 50 years since their TSH is always on the margin despite taking medicine. If they don’t take medicine, needless to say, it invites problems! BTW, I forgot to mention that you need to see an Endocrinologist for your thyroid.

Please let me know if you have any queries about Thyroid. I will try to answer as much as I know from my personal experience (read suffering 😛 )


  1. Hey Nirupama, welcome to IWB. Thanks for pointing out, I intended to mention iodine supplements not iodine rich food. Sorry for the typo.

  2. Hi post really helpful..even m suffering from hypothyroidism n I think I started after a very stressful phase of my life..presently on thyronorm 25mg only.. here I like to mention that a home remedy for weight loss in hypothyroidism have a tbl spoon of coriander paste with lukewarm water in empty stomach. But mind u paste should b fresh u cant store it. That’s a pain to make fresh paste everyday n every morning but it works too. Hope it will help others too.

  3. Being a thyroid patient , this post really inspired me and certainly it will help me to maintain my new year resolution. 😀 .. some were I really feel stressed because I was ignoring my health and that is why my tablet is of 100 mg 🙁 but I have accepted that and will take care of myself even more 😀

  4. Mahee, its always better to accept things ! Without acceptance , there is no action :). All the best !

  5. Hi every body I am new to this blok pls help me guide me correct diet for my hypothyroidism past 10 years I am suffering and one more question pls is this true that thyriode paitents cant loose the weight and I am 75 kg I cant weight how much I work out diet so pls guide me thanks…..

  6. Hi everyone
    I take thynoromn 50 every morning.if I start taking the coriander water then what I shall do? Shall I continue with this medicine as it is or I shall stop it . please help

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