Find out the difference between Curd and Yogurt!
Are you confused between curd and yogurt? I was under the impression that curd and yogurt are two different names of the same thing. People say that what we call curd in India is called yogurt in America! Then there were a bunch of others who claimed that yogurt is thicker than curd and that is the chief difference. To make things worse there is something called probiotic yogurt too!!! Confusion! Confusion! After I got my confusion cleared it is my duty to get yours clear too!!! Dig in to find out the difference between curd and yogurt (also probiotic yogurt :P)
Before jumping onto the difference between curd and yogurt, let us first get ourselves clear about what curd is! The term ‘curd’ generically refers to the milk solids that get left behind after the milk gets curdled on addition of a curdling agent such as vinegar. This process is used in making cheese. So, cottage cheese or paneer is technically curd which is obtained by splitting the milk. The curd which we commonly refer to is dahi and for the sake of clarity I will call it dahi in this post. Dahi is obtained by the process of fermentation, by adding bacterial culture to milk that has been boiled and cooled down.
Curd or dahi
Making dahi involves boiling and cooling down the milk to about 30 to 40 degrees Celsius and then adding a spoonful of curd(dahi). Dahi has lactobacillus or lactic acid bacteria in it. This bacteria tends to multiply itself at the temperature of 30 to 40 degree Celsius and in a matter of a few hours the milk turns into curd (dahi). Curd is a great source of calcium as well as protein and is said to be suitable for those who are intolerant to lactose.
In India, curd or dahi is said to be really good for the stomach and it aids digestion and provides a cooling effect. So, even if you eat spicy food, the curd will balance it all. However, the bacterial strength of curd or dahi varies from home to home and it isn’t a standardized product. This means that the good bacteria it contains may or may not reach the gut alive and hence you can’t expect all the health benefits from curd.
Curd and yogurt look the same; plus, the preparation of yogurt follows techniques similar to curd but milk is fermented by adding 2 specific strains of bacteria namely called lactobacillus bulgaris and streptococcus thermophilus. Even other strains of lactic acid bacteria can also be added. The product becomes standardized and homogenous after the addition of these bacteria ensuring that both quality and quantity of bacteria is right in the yogurt. Moreover, more good bacteria reach the intestines alive.
You must have heard a lot about probiotic food. Probiotics are live microbes that offer health benefits to the consumer when consumed in specific amounts. For any food item to be called ‘probiotic’ like a probiotic drink or probiotic yogurt, the product should have a specific strain of live bacteria which is resistant to pancreatic juices, bile and gastric acid so that they reach the intestines alive in order to provide the right health benefit.
I guess now you doubts have been cleared!
Hope you found this post useful!
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