Genetically Modified-GM Foods In India
GM Foods, Am not talking about General Motors!
Hey Guys, how are you? Hope you all are doing fine! Today I will be talking about a new topic, a rather controversial topic, Genetically Modified Food. This term is used for crops or food items which are not naturally occurring or their DNA has been played with. This technique was used to combat the rising need of more food in our country and to make them resistant to the changing agricultural conditions opposing their growth.
As per Wikipedia Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering techniques. In most cases the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. Examples in food crops include resistance to certain pests, diseases, or environmental conditions, reduction of spoilage, or resistance to chemical treatments (e.g. resistance to herbicide), or improving the nutrient profile of the crop. As you can see this is a very dicey situation, benefits of a healthy crop, but what cost?
Some of the GM foods available in the market are cotton seed oil, soybean, canola and corn. Many believe that this is a solution to the hunger problems faced in third nations, as these crops are grown faster compared to the regular growth of crops and also saves costs of pesticides as most of the crops are resistant to them.
One may think that such type of crops sound great and thus should be not criticized, but the health effects of them are yet unknown. Though they claim to be higher in nutritional value, but the long term effects on health are unknown, let me give you an example, In India only BT cotton was allowed to be manufactured (a generic cotton crop) but after production the generic variety was shunned away by the organic cotton importers because of the traces of gene modification leading to loss of farmers, above all, the farmers working in the fields of such cotton also developed allergies! Another example can be soya, the chunks or the mince that we use, it has said to adversely affect the thyroid patients. This can’t be good right?
Though genetic modification is being said to be a major breakthrough in agricultural technology, only 175 million hectares of land have GM crops, this makes for merely three and half percent of the world’s agricultural land which spans through only 6 countries- Brazil, Canada, USA, Argentina, China and India. A majority of countries have rejected the GM technology (reference was taken from the internet). As far as India is concerned, the GM testing was stalled during the congress ruling, but now with NaMo on the house, talks going around that a certain length of land be used to test these crops (The DNA report).
The list of food that are GM are-
- Sweet beet
There are more genetically mutated crops out there, but these got a special mention as they are manufactured in a genetic way and not mutated with any natural plan! Take a look at those strawberries available in the market these days, I don’t remember getting such big fat berries earlier, or the off season fruits, my grandma is often surprised when she finds the seasonal fruits available all year long. So, am sure we are surrounded by them, but due to less exposure to this scene we are unaware of what goes into our bodies ( sad state, literally)
This is Pooja, Take care…
NOTE: This is just an opinion on GM food and has nothing to do anything with mass boycotting of this group of foods or banning of the same.
Share your opinion on GM Foods, we are listening.
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