The connection between Gluten And Autoimmune Thyroid Disease
You all must have heard about gluten. It is a protein present in wheat, rye and barley. Most individuals today are sensitive to its structure if not completely intolerant.
There is a lot of debate on it in the recent times. A lot of people have gone gluten free, either out of their own free will or due to gluten intolerance. The main thing is that those suffering from celiac disease, gluten sensitivity or intolerance can suffer from some adverse reactions if they continue to consume gluten.
One topic that has been overlooked always is the relationship between consumption of gluten and thyroid disease. Though nutrition and thyroid health connection is being studied, only in the recent past have we seen on the effect of gluten on thyroid health. Is there a connection between Gluten And Autoimmune Thyroid Disease? Find out!
The gluten issue
Gluten has gliadin which is a protein. It is said to be foreign to the human body and this unfamiliarity leads to an immune response that get increased in those who are suffering from celiac disease. Many people these days are either sensitive or intolerant to gluten.
Connection between gluten and thyroid health
To the body, the protein gliadin looks similar to an enzyme called transglutaminase. This enzyme is required by the body to make chemical bonds. The concentration of this enzyme is higher in the thyroid. When the immune system attacks the foreign gliadin, the antibodies also happen to attack the thyroid. Do you know that the thyroid suffers damage for upto 6 months after the consumption of gluten for those with Celiac disease, gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance? It not just digestive health that gets affected but also the health of the thyroid. When you have an underactive thyroid can affect your metabolism, your weight and energy levels.
Thyroid disease and gluten intolerance
According to researchers, those with autoimmune thyroid disease – hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism should be screened regularly for celiac disease or gluten intolerance. Research conducted till date has seen incidences of gluten intolerance in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD). Several patients with autoimmune thyroid disease have shown an immune response to gluten. This indicates that a nutritional approach is needed for people with chronic autoimmune disorders.
Is the thyroid alone affected by gluten?
The immune response stimulated by gluten affects other parts of the body too, such as the brain. Patients with ATD suffer from immune attacks on the endocrine system, which is responsible for managing hormones.
Hormonal imbalance and gluten
Any chemical that interferes with the thyroid gland and endocrine system, creates an imbalance in the human body. Malfunctioning h ormones can interfere with mood, metabolism and fertility. Even the cardiovascular system is linked to proper hormone function. So, you need to make dietary changes like avoiding gluten to keep hormones in check.
The bottom line
If you suffer from an autoimmune thyroid disorder it is essential that you avoid gluten completely. People who suffer from gluten sensitivity should avoid gluten to protect their thyroid and overall health. People who have gone gluten free by choice or due to health reasons have witnessed dramatic improvements in their health. Those of you with gluten issues should give up wheat and go in for gluten free grains like quinoa, millet and buckwheat.
Hope you found this post on ‘Gluten And Autoimmune Thyroid Disease’ useful!
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