Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)
All You Need To Know About Hyperglycemia
And Its Link With Diabetes.
Our body contains some amount of sugar or glucose in our blood. This amount gives energy to cells. But if it is available in huge amount then it is known as Hyperglycemia. In order to keep the sugar in level body produces insulin in our body. Insulin is a hormone that directs the body cells to take up glucose and store it. If there is not enough insulin, or insulin does not work properly, blood sugar builds up. High blood sugar levels can cause health problems.
Symptoms of hyperglycemia:-
A person having hyperglycemia issues may feel:-
- Hard to concentrate
- Thirst or Hunger
- Drowsy or tired
- Blurred vision
- Dry mouth
- Need to urinate often
- Wounds taking long to heal.
You need to see the doctor when one experiences tiredness, increased thirst, frequent urination, or weight loss as these could indicate diabetes or another health problem.
Effect of hyperglycemia on our body:-
- Urination and thirst: High blood sugar goes into the kidneys and urine. This attracts more water, causing frequent urination. This can also lead to increased thirst, despite drinking enough liquids.
- Weight loss: High blood sugar can cause sudden or unexplained weight loss. This occurs because the body’s cells are not getting the glucose they need, so the body burns muscle and fat for energy instead.
- Numbness and tingling: High blood sugar can also cause numbness, burning, or tingling in the hands, legs, and feet.
Causes of hyperglycemia:-
In TYPE 1 DIABETES, the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. As a result, the body lacks insulin and blood sugar levels rise. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin through a needle.
In TYPE 2 DIABETES, the body does produce insulin but is unable to produce it in adequate amount. use it properly. People with type 2 diabetes may need to take insulin, pills, or make diet or exercise changes to help manage blood sugar levels.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES can happen when insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels appear during pregnancy. People should monitor this during pregnancy, as it can lead to complications for the mother and the baby. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after delivery.
Risk Factors in Hyperglycemia:-
Type 1 Diabetes:-
Researchers believe certain genetic or environmental factors may be responsible for Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes:-
- Having certain genes
- Being overweight or inactive
- Having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
- Being aged over 45 years
- Receiving treatment for high blood pressure, or having blood pressure of 140/90 or higher.
Hyperglycemia Management Tips:-
To improve or maintain a good quality of life, the person should:-
- Visit a doctor regularly
- Take medications as the doctor prescribes
- Follow diet and exercise guidelines
We suggest that the person with hyperglycemia or diabetes should always carry a medical ID with them, especially if they use insulin, as this can provide important information in case of an emergency.
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