Ketogenic Diet And The Science Behind It

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Ketogenic Diet And The Science Behind It 

Ketogenic Diet And The Science Behind It

Ketogenic Diet And The Science Behind It

One of the most important weight loss advice you get is to eat right (do not skip meals if you are trying to lose weight), this includes cutting out fat from your diet, and replacing it with proteins and good carbs instead. What if I told you about a diet plan that actually encourages one to do the exact opposite in order to lose weight. Well you may ask me if it is for real? And I will say,”It actually is, and it is gaining popularity with each passing day.” In this diet Fat makes up a major portion of your diet (almost 50 %), the carbs make up 2- 5%, and your protein intake stands at about 30 – 40 %, so basically a high fat and low carb diet with moderate amounts of protein intake is known as Ketogenic Diet. The proteins here do not come from lean meats such as tuna and chicken breast either, Keto encourages you to eat darker meats such as chicken thighs, salmon, lean beef etc. This lets you have your proteins and fat simultaneously. Although it sounds counterproductive yet this diet also encourages you to include natural fats such as butter, coconut oil, cream duck fat etc. in your daily meal. I know how blasphemous this sounds, but it has science backing this stuff.

How does Ketogenic diet work?

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Any high-schooler will tell you that the food (carbohydrates, mostly) ingested will breakdown into sugars (glucose), which is where we get our energy from. Now, the excess food is stored in our bodies as fat, as a reserve energy source. The idea behind Ketogenic diet is to use this stored fat as an energy source instead of carbohydrates.

By cutting down carbohydrates to alarming levels, we force the body to tap in to the energy reserve aka the stored fat. When this happens we notice a significant rise in catecholamines (fat mobilizing hormone), and cortisol (a hormone which breaks down fat) and growth hormone. The metabolic condition is called Ketosis, hence the name. The body now burns the body fat and the fat intake to produce energy, and the protein is used to repair the body. This is perfect for athletes because this diet reduces fat without any or  much muscle loss, but in a high carbohydrate diet, the body uses protein to convert the carbohydrates in to glucose, which results is reduced muscle build.

Benefits of Ketogenic Diet

These are a few benefits from this diet-

Fat loss

You can lose fat by just following a strict diet, without very little or no workout regime.

No food restrictions

There are very limited food restrictions, and you will not miss out on most of your favorite foods.

Medically recommended

This diet is also medically recommended for patients suffering from a range of diseases such as Epilepsy, Obesity, Type 2 diabetes etc. However, it is advised to consult your physician before you take on any new diet plans.

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Are there any side effects?

There are no side effects, since it is a simple process of your body harmlessly adapting to an alternate energy source. One might feel a slight discomfort during the initial days while the body adapts to the new diet, known as “Keto flu”. This might lead to irritability, weakness, fatigue and cold symptoms etc, but they pass once the body adapts to the change.

So now you understood what is Ketogenic Diet and the science behind it?

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